The ART of
becoming parents

Questions and answers

 
When is it high time for check up on infertility?
According to statistics, 60% of partners trying to get pregnant usually succeed in six months. If you do not get the result during a one-year period, it’s time to get tested. If you had some health issues in the past, you should visit a doctor even earlier. For women, it can be menstrual cycle disorders, endometriosis, advanced age or an illness that requires medication. For men, inflammation in testis or operation on testicles can lead to infertility.
 
How soon can be the treatment started?
We are ready to start your treatment as soon as it is possible. We do not have any waiting lists. You can come to the Scanfert clinic at any suitable time.
 
How much time does one cycle of treatment take?
Overall, IVF takes from 6 to 8 weeks. You will need 3-5 visits to the doctor. It doesn’t matter where you make these visits: to our clinic or to your local one. Hormone stimulation and IVF treatment last around 10-14 days before eggs retrieval. The embryo transfer is a quick procedure, which will not require sick-leave. In 2 weeks after the transfer a pregnancy test will show, if you’re pregnant or not.
 
Do you accept patients from other countries?
Yes, of course. You can visit your local doctor to receive all the treatment needed until the final steps of the IVF. You will have the first consultation with our doctor personally or via Skype, when he gives you an individual treatment plan. After, your personal coordinator and doctor will stay in contact with you until you come to Scanfert.
 
How will the treatment affect my everyday life?
The treatment will have no affections on your everyday life. There are no restrictions on nourishment, exercise or sex. Just be sure to take the medication at the same time of the day. Some of them will make you feel some changes in your mood, unusual sweating, abdomen swelling. You can also feel some pain at the final stage of the medication process if there are many follicles. On the day of the eggs retrieval and embryo transfer avoid physical activity. Your partner shouldn’t ejaculate several days before collecting his sperm for the IVF.
 
How can I access my chances for success?
The success of the treatment depends on many factors: your age and medical history, infertility period and reasons, your reaction to stimulation, sperm quality, quality and number of embryos. So, our doctors will evaluate your chances personally, taking into account all possible factors.
 
What risks does the treatment include?
Many of our patients expect that the treatment will realize their dreams to become parents. Indeed, we have very high success rates at Scanfert. Nevertheless, there is a small risk, that the process will go not how we expect it. Fortunately, our professionalism helps to minimize all the risks and we rarely need to cancel the treatment. The treatment includes risks connected with hormone stimulation. Hormones used today are tolerable, however some people suffer from symptoms typical for menopause like mood changes and hot-flashes, as well as headaches and belly swelling. Some women feel some pain at the final stage of the medication process if there are many follicles. There is a also small chance of infection and bleeding when retrieving the eggs.  The most serious possible risk is ovarian hyper stimulation, when the follicles become too large and fluid gathers in the abdomen. This can even needs hospitalization. Usually in this case we stop at retrieving the eggs and freezing them for a later transfer. It also important to mention that the research proved no ovarian or breast cancer risk to women. The treatment as well includes risks connected with fertilization and development of the embryo. Sometimes we can’t collect the eggs because of premature ovulation or malfunction in the ovaries. Sometimes the collected eggs are immature. Although this happens very rarely and in most cases our patients reach the treatment stage, where pregnancy is possible. The fertilization also may fail if the sperm is normal, but the eggs are mature, or there may be problems with sperm attaching to the egg, or sperm may be of low quality. But most of these problems could be solved with ICSI method. One more risk is that the egg (oocyte) doesn’t develop into an embryo or that it cleaves abnormally. Abnormal embryos can cause early miscarriages or fail to implant into the uterus.
 
What risks does the twin pregnancy have?
Sometimes patients getting infertility treatment are lucky to have a twin pregnancy. Twin pregnancy has some risks like premature delivery, low weight of a child, complications at later stages of pregnancy. That’s why we recommend to transfer only one embryo and maximum 2, especially when the embryos are of good quality. Is there any difference between children, who were born with the help of assisted reproductive technologies and those who were conceived in a normal manner? The research proved that there is absolutely no difference, whether the child was born with the help of IVF or not. The rates of “IVF children” match the average ones. Moreover, these children are even healthier, because PGS (preimplantation genetic screening) helps to avoid genetic diseases and doctors pay more attention to their mothers during pregnancy.
 
Is there possibility, that materials will be confused and my child will be not mine biologically?
This can be a story for a film scenario, not more. In reality this is impossible. All the IVF hospitals strictly apply the genetic material storage standards. We also follow the worldwide rules and implement quality management system, which is proved by certificate for fertility treatments and egg donation (ISO 9001:2008 certified since 2008).
 
Shall I use a donor sperm if my partner has reproductive problems?
If you and your partner have even a small chance to become parents with your own material, we will do everything to make it happen. If a man has at least one good sperm, we use the ICSI method. For complicated cases we have TESE/TESA technology, when the sperm is extracted from the testis.
 
How often can I undergo the IVF treatment?
There are no rules for everybody, because infertility treatment is an individual story. 4 cycles of IVF or artificial inseminations are usually enough to get pregnant.
 
Can taking hormones lead to cancer?
The research showed no correlation between hormonal therapy and the risk of cancer.

 

Vocabulary

Biopsy is a manipulation, when the cells are being collected from an organ or a tissue. Thus, when embryo biopsy is implemented, the embryonic cells are taken from trophectoderm (future placenta).

Blastocyst is a 5-day embryo. Usually every 3rd embryo develops into blastocyst. No every embryo, which is good on day 3 will stay good on day 5. This is a process of natural selection.

Embryo’s morphology is a process of embryo evaluation via microscope. Embryos of good morphology (e.g of good quality) have good chances to implant well, though it doesn’t guarantee that they are genetically normal.

Chromosome aneuploidy is abnormal number of chromosomes in the embryo. Humans have 46 chromosomes (or 23 chromosome pairs): 22 pairs of similar non-gender chromosomes and one pair consisting of gender chromosomes which are two X chromosomes in females and X and Y chromosomes in males. Each of two chromosomes in a pair is received from the egg and from the sperm. 90% of aneuploid embryos stop developing early and can’t implant. If they do, which is 10% possibility, it usually leads to biochemical pregnancy or miscarriage. Very rarely it results in Down syndrome baby life birth.

Euploid embryo is an embryo with normal number of chromosomes.

PGS is preimplantation genetic screening.

Single elective embryo transfer (SET) is transfer of the embryo selected by the best morphology.

Biochemical pregnancy is a pregnancy with a miscarriage at a very early stage, though seen after HCG test.

Clinical pregnancy is a pregnancy confirmed by ultrasound.

Implantation rate is percentage of successfully implanted embryos to the transferred embryos.

Implantation failure is the absence of pregnancy after the embryo transfer.

Recurrent implantation failure is 3 or more implantation failures.

Unsure about your own chances? Interested in a program with guarantee?
Please, write us!